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In the year 2003 in a meeting of Smt.Urmila Devi Mahgaiya Paropkari Trust while looking to the dire local need of the livestock owners it was decided to open a veterinary college at Bharatpur. The college was named as Mahatma Gandhi Veterinary College, Bharatpur. The trust approached Govt. of Rajasthan and permission was granted to the trust to open the Veterinary college at Bharatpur with 50 seats vide letter No. 213/ P/ PA/ 2003 dated 24.05.2003.The trust approached the Rajasthan Agriculture University , Bikaner to get the affiliation for this college. RAU gave affiliation vide letter Group 4/05/5044 dated 28.06.2005 to admit students and to run the veterinary college subject to permission / recognition by V.C.I. / Govt. of India Ministry of Animal Husbandry & Dairying. The V.C.I. then issued a "No Objection Certificate" for permission to admit the 1st B.V.sc. & A.H. students vide letter No. 4182 dated 09.11.2005. After obtaining the subsequent affiliation from the Rajasthan Agricultural University, Bikaner, further admissions were made.
The state of Rajasthan covers vast area of land covering about 3.42 lac Sq Km and the total livestock population of the state is 59168106 (as per the available census of 2007). The farmers of the state generally adopt mixed farming system. The Bharatpur District of Rajasthan lies in the eastern part of the state; and is especially rich in livestock wealth. It possesses almost 2.05% of the total livestock population of the state. Out of total animals in the district 10.4% are cattle, 58.8% are buffalo, 6.8% are sheep and 18.3% are goat, which serve human population for their requirements. Thus, Bharatpur is the prime agricultural district of Rajasthan, where animal husbandry plays an important role. Day to day needs of the rural people is fulfilled by the sale of animal products and by-product. Bharatpur district is the part of "BRIJ BHOOMI" the native land of Lord Krishna - the pristine deity of Indians in general and the Rajasthani in particular. Krishna-the Gopal always had great affinity to cows. In portraits of Lord Krishna, he is seen surrounded by a herd of good milch cows, which clearly indicates importance of cattle rearing which plays the most significant role in the economics of the livestock rearing in agriculture. A boost to the economy of the rural people can be given by improved animal husbandry practices and management, scientific breeding and prevention and cure from diseases. Taking into consideration of all these aspects, a Veterinary and Animal Science institution which can produce competent young veterinarians to cater to the above mentioned needs is highly relevant and a timely step. With their extension activities, these professionals can motivate the women and elderly persons to adopt scientific practices of small scale / backyard livestock and poultry: rearing for uplifting of the rural economy of the region. There are large numbers of Gaushalas in the district, which through proper veterinary care and upgrading through frozen semen from proven bulls, can be converted into centres of livestock development and sources of high milk-yielding animals.