VETERINARY CLINICAL COMPLEX (VCC)
VETERINARY CLINICAL PRACTICES-I (Third year) Credit Hours: 0+1
Orientation and understanding of the working of Veterinary Clinics including hospital set-up, administration and workforce management. Doctor client interaction, Orientation to local language or dialector local terminology of the diseases. Registration, filling up registration cards, history taking, handling and restraining of animals. Preliminary clinical examination such as recording of temperature, respiration, pulse, motility of digestive system etc. Familiarization and practice of first aid procedures. The practice of collection, labelling, packaging and storage of laboratory samples. Preparation and sterilization of surgical packs, instruments, drapes and operation theatres. Familiarisation with antiseptic dressing techniques and bandaging.
The students shall be Imparted the training on a rotation basis in the following sections of Veterinary Clinical Complex (VCC):
Each Veterinary college should adopt five villages where the health, production and treatment parts should be taken care of in a holistic manner. Handling, examination, diagnosis and treatment of sick animals in the field conditions under the supervision of faculty. Ambulatory Clinics shall be operated by small groups of students and faculty of clinical departments through an equipped ambulatory mobile unit.
Diagnostic Laboratory Section:
Veterinary Clinical Diagnostic Laboratory will be an important component of the Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex that will impart training to students for laboratory evaluation and interpretation of clinical samples leading to a definitive diagnosis of diseases. This activity will improve the competence of students in examining clinical samples (biochemical, toxicological, pathological, parasitological and bacteriological) at the clinical complex, analyzing and correlating with clinical findings and interpreting the results. Collection labelling, transportation, and preservation of body fluid samples, writing results and reports. Interpretation of data in relation to specific diseases. Clinical significance and interpretation of serum glucose, lipids, proteins, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, uric acid, ketone bodies, bilirubin and electrolytes from samples. Clinical significance and interpretation of examination of urine samples. Clinical evaluation of blood (Haemoglobin, packed cell volume, total erythrocytic count, erythrocytic sedimentation rate, total leukocytic count and differential leukocytic count) from clinical samples. Evaluation of acid-base balance and interpretation. Biochemical aspects of digestive disorders, endocrine functions. Liver, kidney and pancreatic function tests. Role of enzymes for detection of tissue or organ affection. Preparation of microscopic slides from tissue collected for diagnosis and its histopathological interpretation. Examination of biopsy and morbid material for laboratory diagnosis. Laboratory evaluation and diagnosis of samples for parasitic diseases (routine faecal examinations- direct smear method, simple sedimentation and floatation methods, quantitative faecal examination, pastural larval counts). Examination of skin scrapings, examination of blood. Orientation to a clinical Microbiology laboratory, collection, transport and processing of specimens from clinical cases for diagnosis of important bacterial, fungal and viral diseases. Isolation of bacteria from clinical samples, identification of bacteria by Grams staining and culturalor biochemical characteristics. Drug sensitivity and rationale for therapy. Diagnosis of diseases by employing tests like Agar Gel precipitation Test, ELISA etc. Note: The Laboratory shall run in collaboration with the Department of Pathology and Physiology and Biochemistry. Biochemists appointed in this section will be involved in the teaching of students regarding principles of various diagnostic tests, normal and abnormal values in different species, differential diagnoses, correlation with diseases and rationale for arriving at the conclusion.
Orientation and understanding of the working of Veterinary Clinics including hospital set-up, administration and workforce management. Understanding the different methods of record keeping, retrieval, processing, analysis and interpretation of data. Involvement in the outpatient department (OPD), Indoor patient, Critical care or intensive care unit, sanitation, practice management etc. Doctor client interaction: Orientation to local language or dialect or local terminology of the diseases. Registration, filling up registration cards, clinical practice comprising of clinical examination of the patient, with emphasis on history taking, examination techniques- palpation, percussion and auscultation. Familiarization and practice of first aid procedures and emergency medicine. The practice of collection, labelling, packaging and evaluation of laboratory samples. Relating generic and trade names of drugs along with their doses, indications and contraindications to prescribed treatment regimens. Systematic examination of various systems, recording of clinical observations viz. temperature, respiration, pulse, cardiac sounds, cardiac function, pulmonary function, functional motility of digestive system, routes and techniques of administration of medicaments. Tentative and confirmatory diagnosis and treatment of common clinical cases like pharyngitis, laryngitis, stomatitis, indigestion, gastritis, ruminal impaction, tympany, enteritis, traumatic reticuloperitonitis, traumatic pericarditis, pneumonia, haemoglobinuria, haematuria. milk fever, ketosis, rickets, osteomalacia, common poisoning, and other clinical cases as reported in the section. Collection of materials like urine, faeces, skin scraping, blood, milk and other body fluids for laboratory tests. Preparation of case records; follow-up records etc. Readiness to treat and handle causalities and other emergencies in the clinics. Learning and practising passing of stomach and nasogastric tube. Screening of livestock or poultry through tests, and mass diagnostic campaigns. Vaccination and other disease prevention and control programmes in the field. Learning the use of various advanced non-invasive diagnostic aids like Ultrasonography, Ophthalmoscope etc. The practice of feeding sick animals. Acts and regulations pertaining to the generation and disposal of biomedical wastes in veterinary institutions. Biomedical waste generation, handling, storage, sorting, coding, transportation and disposal. Hazards of biomedical waste, and impact of biomedical waste on the environment.
Gynecology and Obstetrics Section
The practise of artificial insemination, pregnancy diagnosis, clinical examination and management of cases of anoestrus, silent oestrus, infertility and conception failure. Treatment of cases of metritis, cervicitis, vaginitis etc. Handling and management of cases of retention of the placenta or fetal membranes, ante and post partum prolapse of vagina. Examination and handling of cases of dystocia, frenotomy, caesarian etc. Castration of male calves, breeding soundness, evaluation of bulls, ovariohysterectomy and collection of cervical and vaginal mucus for cytology. Rectal examination and vaginal examination of the genitalia. Familiarization with common drugs and hormones used in reproductive disorders including infertility, epidural and local anaesthesia for gynaecological cases. Filling of clinical case records and their maintenance. Surgery and Radiology Section Familiarization and understanding of the use of equipment used in surgical sections of the VCC. Restraining and positioning of different species of animals for examinations, diagnosis and surgical treatment. Prescription of common drugs, their doses and uses in clinical surgical practice. Filling of clinical case records and their maintenance. Preparation and sterilization of surgical packs, instruments, drapes and operation theatres. Passing of stomach tube and gastric tube. Catheterization and urine collection. Techniques of examination of neuromuscular and skeletal functions, Familiarisation with antiseptic dressing techniques, bandaging, abdomino-centesis, thoracocentesis. Topography anatomy of animals. Radiographic positioning, terminology and interpretation. Treatment and Management of various surgical conditions including inflammation, wounds, abscess, cysts, tumours, hernia, haematoma, haemorrhage, sinus, fistula, necrosis, gangrene, bum, sprain, tendinitis etc. Management and treatment of fractures, dislocations and other affections of joints, facial paralysis, Eye worm and other affections of the Eye. Irregular teeth and their rasping, tail amputation, knuckling, upward fixation of patella (medical patellar desmotomy) etc. Familiarisation with the landmarks for the approach to various visceral organs, thoracocentesis, and abdominocentesis. Rumenotomy, laparotomy, palpation and visualisation of viscera, urethrotomy, castration, vasectomy, caudectomy, thoracotomy, cystotomy, cystography and splenectomy. Examination of horse for soundness, lameness and preparation of certificate for soundness. Tenotomies, suturing of the tendon, shortening of tendon.
Pet Animal Section
Registration, filling up registration cards, history taking. Relating generic and trade names of drugs along with their doses, indications and contraindications to prescribed treatment regimens. Familiarization and practice of first aid procedures and emergency medicine. The practice of collection, labelling, packaging and evaluation of laboratory samples. Clinical examination techniques- palpation, percussion and auscultation, systematic examination of various systems, recording of clinical observations viz. temperature, respiration, pulse, cardiac sounds, cardiac function, pulmonary function, functional motility of digestive systems. Routes and techniques of administration of medicaments. Diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Collection of materials like urine, faeces, skin scraping, blood, milk and other body fluids for laboratory tests. Preparation of case records; follow-up records etc. Vaccination and other disease prevention and control programmes. The practice of pregnancy diagnosis, examination of cases of anoestrus, silent oestrus and conception failure. Rectal examination of the genitalia, vaginal examination. Epidural and local anaesthesia for gynaecological cases. Restraining and positioning techniques for examination, diagnosis and surgical treatment. Preparation of surgical packs, and sterilization procedures for surgical instruments. Passing of stomach tube and gastric tube. Catheterization and urine collection. Familiarization with antiseptic dressing techniques. Topography anatomy of pet animals. Radiographic positioning and terminology. The practical component will be dealt with internally. The examination for VCP shall be conducted twice a year i.e. first practical exam after completion of 50% syllabus and the second one when the course is completed but the second exam shall comprise of the entire syllabus. An annual professional examinations shall be held after the completion of 100% course content in each subject.